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Gujarat: To mitigate man-animal conflicts, forest dept to arrange three breeding centres

In an try and mitigate the human-animal conflicts in Gujarat and to extend the prey-base for wild animals in its forests, the State Forest Division is planning to arrange three breeding centres of ungulates, jungle fowls and hares in Sabarkantha, Dahod and Bhavnagar districts.
The initiative is a part of a Challenge for Ecosystem Restoration in Gujarat (PERG) to be funded by Japan Worldwide Cooperation Company (JICA), which has sanctioned a comfortable mortgage price Rs 905 crore to the Forest division for the challenge of 9 years’ length. PERG, anticipated to start this 12 months, contains restoration of assorted ecologically delicate areas of the state like coastal areas, grasslands, wetlands and degraded forests.
A prime forest official mentioned, “The idea behind organising the breeding centres is to guarantee that wild animals get sufficient prey-base inside forests in order that they don’t enterprise out and are available in battle with people… By breeding these animals – like ungulates, jungle fowls and Indian hares – and releasing them into forests, we are going to attempt to improve the prey-base.”

As per the official, the proposed breeding centre in Sabarkantha will breed animals of ungulate household.
In Devgadh Baria of Dahod district, Indian hares can be bred. And the proposed centre in Bhavnagar district will witness breeding of purple jungle fowls.
The challenge is deliberate to handle the lion and sloth bear landscapes within the state that may embrace leopard habitat too in these landscapes. As per forest division officers, main man-animal conflicts in Gujarat are noticed resulting from leopards, Asiatic lions, sloth bears, crocodiles, blue bulls and wild boars. They add that wild animals, particularly lion and leopard, assault and kill giant variety of home livestock and even human beings. And the breeding facilities are an try to enhance the habitat of those wild animals by growing the prey-base in forests.
Forest officers additionally mentioned that they’ve felt a necessity for the breeding centres of ungulates, hare and purple jungle fowl since forests of Gujarat, aside from lion panorama, have scarce prey base.

As per the official figures of the Forest division, in final 5 years between 2016-17 and 2020-21, totally different wildlife circles of Gujarat have witnessed complete 116 circumstances of human deaths, 679 circumstances of human accidents, and 21,273 circumstances of accidents or deaths of cattle in incidents of man-animal conflicts. In all these circumstances, the state authorities has paid ex-gratia quantities to the victims and their households operating into crores.
The forest division is planning to spend round Rs 32 lakh to arrange the three breeding centres.

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