Written by Riya Joseph
Residence to 52 species of venomous snakes, India experiences over 50,000 deaths yearly owing to snakebite envenomation. Collectively known as the ‘Massive 4’, frequent krait (Bungarus caeruleus), Russell’s viper (Daboia russelii), Indian saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus), and Indian Cobra (Naja naja) are the 4 species accountable for almost all of those casualties.
Presently, a polyvalent anti-venom technique is employed to deal with snakebite victims whereby the venoms of those 4 species are combined and injected into the host to lift antibodies. As this will likely trigger issues and side-effects, now, a Thiruvananthapuram-based startup Indriyam Biologics Pvt. Ltd has provide you with an ingenious system that performs species-specific prognosis of snake envenomation.
“The polyvalent methodology fails to establish the species of the snake and particularly counter its venom. This technique is counterproductive because the affected person is uncovered to a few different anti-venom that are wholly pointless, resulting in issues and unwanted effects,” mentioned Dr Dileepkumar, co-founder of Indriyam Biologics.
Indriyam Biologics, recognised by the Division of Scientific and Industrial Analysis (DSIR) and Startup India, intends to resolve this subject by way of their new monovalent snake-venom detection biosensor system which finds out if a snakebite is venomous or non-venomous by analysing a drop of the sufferer’s blood. It’s also able to distinguishing the species of the snake and the amount of venom circulating within the affected person’s physique.
The expertise was developed by Dr Dileepkumar with the co-founder of Indriyam Biologics Dr Anaswara Krishnan S and a bunch of different certified arms in snake envenomation therapy like Dr Oommen V Oommen, Dr Sudhakaran (College of Kerala), Dr Joseph Okay Joseph (Little Flower Hospital, Angamaly), Dr Vipin Nair, Dr Sudarslal S, and Dr Jaideep C Menon (Amrita College).
Along with the diagnostic system, the Kerala startup can be growing snakebite kits following the lateral movement assay mannequin for fast detection of snakebites.
Dr Dileepkumar and Dr Anaswara Krishan based Indriyam Biologics in 2017 to revolutionise snakebite diagnostics and therapeutics by enhancing scientific information and incorporating novel technological protocols to make merchandise higher, safer and extra economical.
(Riya Joseph is an intern with indianexpress.com primarily based in Thiruvananthapuram)