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After highest-ever demand in 2020-21, work demand below MGNREGS sees a dip

AFTER THE highest-ever work demand generated over the past monetary yr, demand for work below the Mahatma Gandhi Nationwide Rural Employment Assure Scheme (MGNREGS) has seen a decline on this monetary yr. Nevertheless, the figures proceed to be on the upper aspect with work demand generated throughout 2021-22 being the second highest since 2014-15.
Within the final monetary yr, work demand from rural India surged to a document excessive because the pandemic-induced lockdown and job loss noticed giant scale migration to rural areas from the city centres. Throughout 2020-21, round 13.32 crore individuals utilized for work of which 13.29 crore had been provided work. In 2021-22, until date 11.30 crore individuals have utilized for work of which 11.22 crore has been provided work.
Whereas the decline in demand is important, it’s nonetheless larger than the work demanded and generated within the nation since 2014-15. Work demand in 2014-15 was 6.73 crore of which 6.71 crore had been provided work. The demand for work has been hovering between 7 and 9 crore with work provided in the identical vary.
The best quantity of labor provided was in 2020-21 which was at 13.29 crore, whereas the bottom work generated was 9.02 crore towards a piece demand of 9.11 crore in 2018-19.
MGNREGS, a flagship program of the Central authorities ensures work to unskilled and semi-skilled individuals from rural areas on demand.
Applied on the gram panchayat stage, this scheme permits individuals to demand work and in case the demand will not be met, they’re eligible for unemployment advantages.
The unique Act had allowed for the technology of 100 workdays, which was relaxed through the pandemic.
This scheme has develop into a significant job generator through the pandemic as work in city areas began drying up as a result of lockdown and financial state of affairs.
Whereas the lockdown has been lifted it’s seen that demand for work below the scheme stays excessive.
Officers mentioned that that is primarily as a result of reluctance of many to return to cities given the uncertainty ensuing from the pandemic.
“Many unskilled employees have determined to stay at dwelling and this displays within the higher-than-usual work demand generated. In case there’s one other lockdown or financial disturbance introduced, reverse migration can happen once more,” a central authorities official mentioned.
With two months nonetheless left for the present monetary yr and the rising Omicron circumstances officers anticipate the work demand to rise additional in case covid-related lockdowns are once more reimposed.

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