Larger freight fees and newer certification norms have slowed down onion exports, which has seen common traded worth of the bulb fall in wholesale markets in Maharashtra. With rabi and late Kharif onions arriving on the similar time, most wholesale markets have reported arrivals of round 20,000-25,000 quintals of onions per day.
Indian onions have some established markets, particularly in Center Jap international locations, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the UK, amongst others. Exports occur around the yr, however the rabi crop — sown in December- January and harvested post-March — includes majority of the export basked on account of decrease moisture content material and longer shelf lifetime of the bulb.
However this yr, exporters worry that possibilities of the bulb being exported are slim.
Suresh Deshmukh, a fee agent working out of Dindori wholesale market in Nashik district, cited elevated certification wants for conventional markets like Indonesia and United Kingdom as roadblocks for exports to these international locations. “Beginning this fiscal, these international locations have mandated International Good Agricultural Practices certification for export consignments. This was not crucial for onions and few farms can be eligible for this,” he mentioned.
GAP certificates is given to farms which adhere to sure agricultural practices prescribed by auditing companies. This consists of adhering to a sure schedule for the utilization of fertilisers and different inputs, and the certificates is granted after an audit. Vegetable and horticulture crops have obligatory certifications, which has prompted farmers to undertake these agricultural practices. In accordance with Deshmukh and different exporters, onion farmers often don’t adhere to those practices and thus possibilities of them getting the certificates are slim.
An uncommon enhance in freight fees and unavailability of containers have additionally stopped the circulation of exports from the nation. Deshmukh identified how freight fees, which had been round Rs 3 per kg a yr in the past, has since then elevated to Rs 6 per kg this yr. As a result of international disruption in cargo actions, containers are additionally laborious to get, which has put brakes on exports.
Consequently, wholesale charges of onions in most markets in Nashik district have slumped whilst farmers proceed to reap and produce their rabi and late Kharif produce. At Lasalagon’s wholesale market in Niphad taluka, the common traded worth of the bulb is now between Rs 775-800 per quintal. Again in February, the worth was round Rs 3,358 per quintal.
Suvarna Jagtap, chairman of Lasalgaon’s wholesale market, acknowledged that the current scenario was on account of lack of exports. ‘If exports decide up, then costs can enhance lots,” she mentioned.