The India Meteorological Division (IMD) will set up seven new doppler radars in Maharashtra, together with Mumbai, this 12 months.
Doppler radars of various frequencies — S-band, C-band and X-band — are generally utilized by the IMD to detect and observe the motion of climate programs, cloud bands and gauge rainfall over its protection space of about 500 km. The radars information meteorologists, significantly in occasions of utmost climate occasions like cyclones and related heavy rainfall.
With the radar observations, up to date each 10 minutes, forecasters can observe the event of climate programs in addition to their various intensities, and accordingly predict climate occasions and their influence.
In the course of the subsequent couple of months, 4 X-band and one C-band radar shall be deployed over Mumbai. “As well as, Ratnagiri will get a brand new C-band and Vengurla will get an X-band radar, every of which is able to function for a number of functions,” stated Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, director common of IMD.
An X-band radar is used to detect thunderstorms and lightning whereas C-band guides on the time of cyclone monitoring.
India’s east coast, which is steadily affected by the cyclones shaped within the Bay of Bengal, has radars operational at eight areas — Kolkata, Paradip, Gopalpur, Vishakhapatnam, Machilipatanam, Sriharikota, Karaikal and Chennai.
Alongside the west coast, there are radars at Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Goa and Mumbai. Different radars are working from Srinagar, Patiala, Kufri, Delhi, Mukteshwar, Jaipur, Bhuj, Lucknow, Patna, Mohanbar, Agartala, Sohra, Bhopal, Hyderabad and Nagpur.
“The radars can oversee an space of as much as 500 km, with efficient vary of as much as 250 km,” added Mohapatra.
The modernisation and improve of current radars are ongoing and the IMD plans to have a community of 55 doppler radars. The Chennai radar, which is presently defunct, shall be upgraded quickly, stated Met officers.